Historical Pensions

I haven’t written many blog posts over the last year. I have taken on a new job and am trying to complete another degree. So, unfortunately, some of my family history time is currently being taken up. But, I have not stopped researching.

Currently, I am working on a talk for the Ryde District Historical Society (RDHS). I was at a conference where someone was giving a talk on resources from the U.K. Chelsea pensions came up and I thought, I know a bit about that. I can turn that into a much longer talk about Military Pensions in general and do that for the RDHS when I give my next talk. Little did I know!

When I first started to work on my talk I thought I would talk about the Chelsea pension but I had kept on reading about the fact that the Chelsea pension was only for those in the army. Yet, two of my most researched ancestors were from the Navy. They had pensions so I was confused. So the first thing I did was try to find out what there was for Navy people. I discovered the Greenwich Hospital and the Greenwich pension. Then, on further investigation, where once again, I had an ancestor that didn’t quite fit the bill, I found out about the Chatham Chest. So, now I am going to break up my talk into sections and try and give an overview of the Chatham Chest, the Greenwich Pension and Hospital and the Chelsea Pension and Hospital.

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

The Chatham Chest

The Chatham Chest was established in 1590 by Sir John Hawkins, Sir Francis Drake and Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham, to provide pensions for wounded seamen in the Royal Navy. Pensions were payable according to the degree of severity of the injury that the seaman received. For example, £7 pa was paid in 1704 for half a limb lost but only £4 for the loss of a finger or thumb or an eye.

When a person was first injured they would receive a ticket called a ‘smart ticket’ to allow them to be provided with the first year of their pension effectively in advance. The term ‘Smart Money’ comes from this time.

Only those who paid into the chest were entitled to receive a pension from the chest if they were injured and how much they could pay varied depending upon what they earned. In general, every officer and Rating in the Navy was expected to pay 6d. But of course how easy that was depended upon the salary of the individual and whether or not the salary was being paid in the first place.

There were also fluctuations in how much the money in the chest was needed due to wars and of course, the chest was not free from corruption among those who looked after it. However, over the 224 years that the chest provided pensions it seems to have been relatively successful for many injured seamen. To find out more about the chest itself there is an excellent blog post here https://thedockyard.co.uk/top-ten-collections-chatham-chest/

In 1805 the administration of the chest and the chest itself were moved to the Greenwich Hospital.

My interest is, of course, to do with my ancestors. I was searching through ancestors who may have received benefits from the Greenwich Hospital when I came across Leonard Mosey. Leonard was baptised 8 July 1751 and buried 23rd of May 1793. So, his entire life was before the Greenwich pension. But, until I knew about the Chelsa Pension I didn’t know that there was any other sort of pension that someone could have. Then, when I found out about the Greenwich Pension it took a bit more hunting to find out about the Chatham Chest. So, it was only recently that I figured out that Leonard Mosey’s pension was from the Chatham Chest rather than anywhere else. This means that Leonard had to travel to Chatham every single year to obtain his pension. That alone is an interesting challenge for someone who lived in Yorkshire.

I first found out about Leonard Mosey’s time in the Royal Navy when I found the details of his marriage. Leonard was married to Mary Dehane on the 2nd of May 1781 in Kildwick Parish, Yorkshire.

Galley style ship- the type of ship that Leonard Mosey would have sailed on. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/56777/56777-h/images/i_p211.jpg

Of course, I wanted to know more. I found some very limited information under the 1790 Universal Directory of Great Britain Index, which no longer seems to exist. But not really much. I did find that Leonards pension was that of 5s per day.

Eventually, I did a general search for Leonard Mosey in google books and came up with-

Lieutenant Leonard Mosey, late of His Majesty’s galley Cornwallis, in consideration of his sufferings, who on the 16th of November 1777, in the attack of Mud Island received a cannonball from the battery, and was thereby much wounded, and entirely lost the use of his right arm, so far as the shoulder.

13 Oct 1779 (date of Orders) 100 pounds.

Pensions Google Books, 1828. Parliamentary Papers: 1780-1849, Volume 17, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons, H.M. Stationery Office. Digitised 15 Sep 2014. Accessed 11th Dec 2016https://books.google.com.au/books?id=RbpDAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA2-PA14&lpg=RA2-PA14&dq=Captain+Leonard+Mosey&source=bl&ots=8BZP9vfwR7&sig=ZuPryMw-9gyzFw2HMl0oljDiyzI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiq__Wz2unQAhXJI5QKHS5nCfcQ6AEIGTAA#v=onepage&q=Mosey&f=false

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, Caird Collection

Unfortunately, I have been able to find very little else about Leonard Mosey in the Chatham Chest documents. The books are available to look through on FindMyPast but they are unindexed and it is extremely difficult to figure out what book is likely to have what information, or when that information is likely to be in the books. The one book that was alphabetized and covered the time that Leonard was on their books, does not seem to have his name. The remaining books may well have his name but his details are not on the date of the Orders or on the date of his accident. So, although I have searched further, I have not yet found more information.

The Chatham Chest books are kept under the name of the Greenwich Hospital Books.

However, based on a declaration, made after Leonard Mosey’s death on the 31st of December 1793, it is obvious that Leonard was having trouble obtaining his pension.

“First these Declarants declare that they have been informed and believe that there was the sum of nineteen pounds or thereabouts due to the said deceased at the time of his death for half-pay as a Lieutenant in his Majestys Navy but they protest against being charged therewith until they shall receive the same.”

“Also these Declarants declare that they have been informed and believe that the sum of thirty-seven pounds or thereabouts was due to the said deceased at the time of his death for Pension Money but they protest against being charged therewith until they shall receive the same.”

National Archives United Kingdom PROB_31_843_844

So, what we can tell about Leonard Mosey from the pension records that I have been able to find?

Leonard Mosey was in the navy for a relatively short period of time. He can’t have been there for long as he was injured in 1777 and received his pension, due to that injury in 1779. Leonard was married two years later and was only 30 years old at that time. It is possible that Leonard was still in the navy at this time, but unlikely given he was allocated a pension. If he was able to work in the navy he would not have been granted a pension.

Leonard had been injured at the Battle of Mud Island. The battle of Mud Island was a battle that occurred in the American War of Independence. Instead of me giving an account of the Battle of Mud Island, part of the Siege of Fort Mifflin, I am including a video that will describe the situation much better than I can.

For more information on what the people on the Galley Cornwallis was doing during the ‘American Revolution’ the Naval documents can be read here-https://books.google.com.au/books?id=SR7jucF7h9UC&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=%22Galley+Cornwallis%22&source=bl&ots=LzvNxgqLqy&sig=ACfU3U1HxbDWaDcIBd2Mr9Av2163DexkKA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjjuM3oupHnAhXNQ30KHY3hCsAQ6AEwAXoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Galley%20Cornwallis%22&f=false

Longbottom and the convicts of Canada Bay

A while ago I wrote a blog post about Longbottom and the Canadian Political Prisoners of the Longbottom Stockade. I was contacted by a reader who was putting together a documentary on the Canadian Convicts. Pierre kindly allowed me to put up a trailer for the documentary.

Previous posts about Longbottom can be found here
http://gransdenfamily.com/longbottom-gransdens-in-the-concord-area/ and here
http://gransdenfamily.com/more-about-longbottom/

Obituary

Deaths of Old Settlers.- Several old settlers in different parts of the colony have laterly passed away. Among the number is Mr. W. Dorset, senior of Wellington, who for several years occupied the position of Provincial Auditor, and was a Justice of the Peace. He was seventy-five years of age, and was one of the oldest Wellington settlers, being one of the three brothers who arrived in 1840. Another Wellingon settler, Mr. Robert Lucas, has died from the effects of a fall from his horse. He was well and favourably known in connection with the Commissariat Department in Wellington, whence he removed to the Wairarap where he carried on the business of auctioneer, land and commission agent. At Waimea West Nelson, Mrs Bolton has died after a prolonged illness. She was a daughte of the late Mr Henry Redwood. At Waimate Mrs. J. W. Gaitt, one of the first inhabitants of the district, died last week at the age of seventy-two.
[Source: PRESS, VOLUME XXVII, ISSUE 3666, 10 APRIL 1877]

Ryde Remembers

Today the Ryde Remembers Book Launch occurred at Willandra in Ryde. The Ryde Remembers book launch was to launch a book about the Honour Rolls that can be found in schools, churches, parks etc that commemorate the fallen from WW1 and WW2. The focus was mainly on those from WW1, however, many places had Honour Rolls from both so both Wars were included.

Ryde Remembers Book Launch

I was one of the contributors to the book and it was wonderful to see the book come to fruition through the hard work of so many people. If anyone wants a copy the book will shortly be available through the Ryde District Historical Society at http://www.rydehistory.org.au

Ryde Remembers

Gransdens go to War

100 years since the end of World War 1. It is time to write about a Gransden experience of War.

Lest We Forget!

 

Private Stimpson Alfred Gransden enlisted on the third of November 1915. Within months he had participated in the Battle of Pozieres and become a member of the 4th Machine Gun Company.  In this position, he participated in the first Battle of Bullecourt where he was wounded and went missing. For the remainder of the First World War, Stimpson Gransden was moved from one Prisoner of War camp to the next.

Private Stimpson Alfred Gransden No. 3830, 4th Australian Machine Gun Company, 4 Section, 4 Brigade, 4 Division, Late of the 27th Battalion went missing since the 11th of April 1917[i]. There were very few details in the telegram, just, “Reported missing since April 11th 1917”. It was enough that the local newspaper printed a photograph of Stimpson Gransden, captioned “The Late Private S. A. Gransden[ii]”.

Like many war-torn families, Louisa Gransden, mother to Stimpson Gransden, wrote to the Red Cross, asking them to help her to find her son[i]. Only a few days later Louisa received another telegram. Again Louisa unfolded a telegram to see the words “Reported Missing[ii]”. This telegram was to inform Louisa that her son Oliver Alfred Gransden had also gone missing on the 11th of April 1917[iii].

The Red Cross kept in touch and helped many hundreds of family members like Louisa Gransden. Their volunteers and workers wrote back to Louisa and her family to reassure them that they would search for both of her sons. They sent her commiserations on the loss of two soldiers during the war. They also let her know, that it would take many weeks before the German lists would show her sons names, searching would take time.[iv]

After almost two months Louisa finally heard back from the Red Cross. Both of her sons had been taken prisoner during the first Battle of Bullecourt. The telegram read;

“We are today in receipt of a cable from the Red Cross Commissioners stating the above soldier is a Prisoner of War in Lazarett Verden Aller, Germany, slightly wounded in the leg.

A few days ago we notified Mrs. Gransden that your other son, Private O.A. Gransden, 2165 of the 48th Bttln was also a Prisoner. We feel sure the knowledge that although your boys are prisoners in Germany, they are alive will comfort you a little”.[i]

Many things had sent Louisa’s sons to war. The family lived on a farm in South Australia[ii]. It was not a well off-farm and both boys had little to look forward to other than a life of farm labouring. By joining up, both boys could look forward to adventures and would possibly get the opportunity to meet their cousins who lived in England. They would also gain skills and knowledge that may help them expand beyond the confines of the farm for work, once the war was over. After the elder boy, Stimpson had joined up, it was only a matter of time before the younger son, Oliver, also joined up. It was a source of happiness to both men, that within months of the younger man joining they had been able to spend a short time with their cousin, in Kent England, in between spells on the Continent at War[iii]. This was an experience that neither boy had ever thought they would be able to have, living, as they did, on a small farm in rural South Australia.

Oliver and Stimpson Gransden

When Stimpson had first joined the 27th Battalion, he had joined with a group of many young men from South Australia[iv]. It was not long before they were on their way to the Western Front. Stimpson joined the Battalion as a member of the 9th Reinforcements and like many others, his first experience of war was when he entered the front line trenches, for the first time on the 7th of April and later fought at the battle of Pozieres[v]. By November that year, Stimpson had moved to the 4th Australian Machine Gun Company[vi].

The next major conflict that Stimpson participated in was the Battle of Bullecourt. Stimpson was part of the 4th Australian Machine Gun Company. Stimpson and the other members of the 4th Australian moved forward at 4am. The Company experienced heavy machine gun fire almost immediately. Although the Company achieved their first and second objectives they were unable to hold their positions due to a strong counterattack and failing supplies. At 12.30pm the Company was forced to retire leaving behind the majority of their men, including Simpson Gransden and more than 100 others. Of the 4th Australian Machine Gun Company, in the first Battle of Bullecourt, just over 10% of men, officers and equipment made it back to their own lines[vii].

After the Battle of Bullecourt Stimpson and many of his fellow soldiers were officially classified as missing. The Redcross, during this time, spent many weeks looking for the Gransden men, and thousands of other soldiers who had gone missing, in this battle and in others. It took them almost three months to find Stimpson Gransden and others who had gone missing that day, including Stimpson’s brother Oliver Arthur Gransden of the 48th Infantry Battalion[viii]. The wait for news meant that many family members were both in mourning and still waiting for news of their loved ones. This was a difficult situation for families to be in, particularly as they had their own work to do at home. Louisa, in particular, was looking after an unwell husband and running the family farm.[ix]

Stimpson and his brother never saw battle again. They were moved from one Prisoner of War Camp to the next until the end of the War when they were repatriated back to England and then onto Australia. During this time Stimpson experience starvation, deprivation and mistreatment. He remained cheerful in the very few letters and postcards that he was allowed to write home, but he also made it clear that he was surviving on the Redcross parcels, that he was receiving, of food and clothes.[x]

On the 17th of June 1919, Stimpson was discharged from a Hospital in Adelaide, South Australia. He had spent just 14 months in the trenches fighting against the Germans. The remainder of his three years and 283 days was spend as a Prisoner of War. Stimpson returned home to a hero’s welcome and a loving family. His time during the war had changed him, it had changed his family and the lives of everyone around him.

Stimpson and Agnes Gransden

[i] Ibid.

[ii] National Archives of Australia. Gransden Stimpson Alfred : SERN 3830 : POB Port Broughton SA : POE Adelaide SA : NOK M Gransden Louisa. https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4669823 (Accessed 27th Apr 2017)

[iii] Authors Collection. 2003 Oral History, interview between Christina Bean and Kathleen Welch.

[iv] Australian War Memorial, 27th Infantry Battalion, awm.gov.au. https://www.awm.gov.au/unit/U56108/ (Accessed 27th April 2017)

[v] Ibid.

[vi] Opcit National Archives of Australia. Gransden Stimpson Alfred : SERN 3830 : POB Port Broughton SA : POE Adelaide SA : NOK M Gransden Louisa. https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4669823 (Accessed 27th Apr 2017)

[vii] Australian War Memorial, AWM4 24/9/10- April 1917. RGDIG1007720. https://www.awm.gov.au/images/collection/bundled/RCDIG1007720.pdf (Accessed 28th Apr 2017)

[viii] Opcit South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919. Ref SRG 76/1/2453.

[ix] Ibid.

[x] Opcit South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919. Ref SRG 76/1/2375

 

 

Bibliography

1917 ‘THE LATE PRIVATE S.A GRANSDEN.’, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 – 1954), 26 May, p. 39. , viewed 22 Apr 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87607631

Australian War Memorial, AWM4 24/9/10- April 1917. RGDIG1007720. https://www.awm.gov.au/images/collection/bundled/RCDIG1007720.pdf (Accessed 28th Apr 2017)

Australian War Memorial, 27th Infantry Battalion, awm.gov.au. https://www.awm.gov.au/unit/U56108/ (Accessed 27th April 2017)

Authors Collection. 2003 Oral History, interview between Christina Bean and Kathleen Welch.

National Archives of Australia. Gransden Stimpson Alfred : SERN 3830 : POB Port Broughton SA : POE Adelaide SA : NOK M Gransden Louisa. https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4669823 (Accessed 27th Apr 2017)

South Australia Library (SLA). South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919. Ref SRG 76/1/2453. Packet Number. 2453 Private 2165 48th Infantry Battalion https://sarcib.ww1.collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/soldier/oliver-arthur-gransden

South Australia Library (SLA). South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919. Ref SRG 76/1/2375. Packet Number. 2375 Private 3830 27th Infantry Battalion. Viewed 23 Apr 2017 https://sarcib.ww1.collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/soldier/stimpson-alfred-gransden

 

 

[i] Opcit. SLA. Ref SRG 76/1/2375.

[ii] South Australia Library (SLA). South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919. Ref SRG 76/1/2453. Packet Number. 2453 Private 2165 48th Infantry Battalion https://sarcib.ww1.collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/soldier/oliver-arthur-gransden

[iii] Ibid.

[iv] Opcit SLA. Ref SRG 76/1/2375.

 

[i] South Australia Library (SLA). South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919. Ref SRG 76/1/2375. Packet Number. 2375 Private 3830 27th Infantry Battalion. Viewed 23 Apr 2017 https://sarcib.ww1.collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/soldier/stimpson-alfred-gransden

[ii] 1917 ‘THE LATE PRIVATE S.A GRANSDEN.’, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 – 1954), 26 May, p. 39. , viewed 22 Apr 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87607631

WEDDING BELLS LOCKWOOD-LAWRENCE.

North Auburn Methodist Church was the scene of a very pretty wedding on August 1, 1925, when Miss Marjorie Lockwood, of Auburn, was married to Mr. Stanley Lawrence, third son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Lawrence, of “Ashley,” Smithfield. Rev. W. N. Lock officiated. The bride’s smart frock of ivory charmante was trimmed with silver lace and shell pink ostrich feather. Her tulle veil, which was hand-embroidered by her aunt, Mrs. Condle, was fastened with silver bandeaux and orange blossom, and she carried a pretty shower bouquet of roses and snowdrops, which, together with a diamond brooch, was the gift of the bridegroom. Tile bridesmaids were Miss Doris Lockwood, who wore a charming frock of pleated lemon georgette, with black georgette hat, and carried a bouquet to tone. Miss Evelyn Lockwood, whose pretty frock of eau de nil crepe do chine was hand-embroidered, also wore a black georgette hat, with bouquet to tone, and Misses Hilda Lockwood and Thelma Sclater were frocked alike in shell pink crepe de chine, embroidered, and wore black hats trimmed to match; they carried gold baskets of mignonette, maidenhair, and violets. Their bouquets and gold bangles were the gifts of the bridegroom. Mr. Stanley Coleman was best man and Mr. Wesley Morrison groomsman. The bride was given away by her father, and during the signing of the register, an uncle of the bride, Mr. Laurie Barber, sang “Because. Mrs. A. E. Hunt aunt of the bride, officiated at the organ.

Stanley Lawrence and Marjorie Lockwood at their wedding 1 Aug 1925.

After the ceremony, the bride’s mother who wore a smart frock of black charmante, trimmed with silk tassel and, embroidery, entertained about seventy guests at St. Phillip’s Hall, where the usual toasts were honoured at the breakfast, and the evening finished with a dance.

During the evening, the bride and groom left by car for the South Coast, the bride’s frock being of hand-embroidered navy morocaln, worn with fur stole and cinnamon felt hat. Many handsome gifts were received, amongst them being several cheques. The bride’s gift to the bridegroom was a Jacobean smoker’s pedestal. Mr. and Mrs. S. G. Lawrence Intend taking up residence at Ryde.

1925 ‘WEDDING BELLS’, The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 – 1950), 21 August, p. 3. , viewed 22 Sep 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article103759333

Ice on the Horizon

I had forgotten about this story. It was one of the stories that I wrote when I was doing the Family History Diploma. This story is about Edwin Gransden and one of his experiences on the ship that migrated to Australia on. Edwin was an ‘Able Seaman’ on the Washington Irving when it came across ice one morning.

The call came out- ice ahoy! The air was heavy with the scent of frost and the call of men looking out at the horizon. The wind was blowing fresh and strong and the scent of salt had permeated everything. It could not be avoided. The deck was slippery and the ropes hard to hold in his hand. Each step was treacherous with the ice and the cold building up, with the wind was blowing us along at a good speed.

All the sailors were watching. Ice could sneak up on you, going through the side of the ship like a knife. This was the worst time to have ice on the horizon. No daylight and fast winds meant that ice could suddenly catch a ship unawares.

Many of the passengers were up. They were on the decks getting underfoot and wanting to see a sight to them that was exciting and different. But for the sailors, it was another matter. We knew what that could mean. Ice could be the death of a ship. At least as the sun rose the visibility may get better helping to keep us away from the threat of the ice.

The shouting rose to a crescendo as more and more ice appeared. By 4am we were surrounded. Myself and others had climbed the slippery masts and bought the sails down. We needed to slow the ship and take it slowly through an icy passage of it would be our last passage.

Gransden – Burrell Wedding

GRANSDEN BURRELL WEDDING.

I have a photograph for this wedding, however, it is unfortunately very blurry as it was taken through glass. The original was unable to be taken out of the frame. However, it is still a lovely photo.

Toma Gordon Gransden and Ethel Mary Burrell. Wedding 25 Jun 1919.

A very pretty and popular wedding took place at the English Church at Cranbury on Wednesday,  25th of June, when Miss Ethel, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Burrell, and Mr. Thomas Gransden, of Burdett, were united in the happy bonds of matrimony. The bride looked charmingly pretty in white georgette, handsomely embroidered, and wore the customary wreath and veil.

Miss Dorrie Seaton, niece of the bride, acted as bridesmaid and was daintily attired in a pale blue dress and cap, and wore a gold bangle, the gift of the bridegroom. The bridegroom’s gift
to the bride was a pretty gold necklet and pendant.

After the wedding ceremony the party motored to the residence of the bride’s parents, where breakfast was partaken of in a large marquee. The Rev. Bate, who united the happy couple, presided. The usual toasts were honored. After the breakfast Mr. and Mrs. Gransden motored to Manildra, to catch the train for Parkes, where the honeymoon is being spent.
The presents were numerous and costly, including many cheques.
1919 ‘GRANSDEN-BURRELL WEDDING.’, Canowindra Star and Eugowra News (NSW : 1903 – 1907; 1910 – 1911; 1914 – 1922), 11 July, p. 1. , viewed 24 Jan 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99671720

Tom and Ethel Gransden and children Lola, Ida and Clarice Abt 1924

The Trials of Richard Lees cont.

In 1835 Richard Less again found himself committed for trial at the Windsor Quarter sessions, this time in February of 1835.

Windsor Court House (authors collection)

Once again the charge levelled against Richard Lees was for Larceny. This time Richard was charged with having stolen two shillings from the till of the King’s Head Tavern.

The King’s Head Tavern was a small Public House on the Penrith High Street. Originally built around 1825 the tavern provided accommodation for two guests. The house was set back from the street and had a shingle roof and small garden with a large Mulberry Tree. In 1830 the Tavern, at that stage known as the Depot Inn, was sold to John Mason. John Mason upgraded the Tavern and changed the name to the Kings Head Public House. With the addition of four new rooms, stables and further outhouses the idea was to build a Tavern that could rival any of those from London. Descriptions of the Tavern in 1835 included that the Inn had every comfort -“cane back chairs, metal dinner plates, wines, sauternes, clarets, port and superior champagne”.

Once again Richard Lees, despite having witnesses speak out against him, was found Not Guilty.

King’s Head Tavern
1830 ‘Classified Advertising’, The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842), 13 March, p. 3. , viewed 11 Mar 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2194679

The prisoner fully committed for trial at the next court of quarter sessions to be at Windsor Quarter Sessions February 1835

Tried 6 Feby by a civil jury verdict-

Not Guilty

The King on the prosecution of James David against Richard Lees Information for a Larceny witnesses James David, John Holdson, Ann Murphy, New South Wales to Wit

  • Richard Lees Twenty Pounds
  • Thomas Frost Ten Pounds
  • Edward Fields Ten Pounds

Be it remembered, that the above-named Persons acknowledge themselves bound to Our Sovereign Lord the King, His Heirs and Successors, in the penal Sums expressed against each of their respective Names; Conditioned if the above named Richard Lees shall personally appear before the next Court of General Quarter Sessions to be Holden at Windsor then and there to answer to an Indictment to be professed against him on a charge of Larceny and shall not depart the Court without License then this Recognised to be null and void, otherwise to remain in full Force and Virtue Law.

Taken and acknowledged before me, One of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the Colony of New South Wales at Werrington in the said Colony, this eight day of January One thousand eight hundred and thirty-five.

  • James Davies Twenty Pounds
  • John Hodsons ten pound
  • Ann Murphy ten pounds

Be it remembered that the above-named Persons acknowledge themselves bound to Our Sovereign Lord the King, His Heirs and Successors, in the penal Sums expressed against each of their respective Names; Conditioned if the above-named individuals, James Davis shall personally appear and present and the above named John Hodson and Ann Murphy do appear and give evidence at the ensuing Quarter Sessions to be Holden at Windsor in a case the King against Lees for Larceny then this Recognizance to be null and void, otherwise to remain in full force and Virtue in Law. Taken and acknowledged before me, One. Of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the Colony of New South Wales at Penrith in the said Colony, this third day of January one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five.

In the Court of Quarter Sessions New South Wales to Wit- Be it Remembered, that John Kinchela, Esq. Doctors of Laws, His Majesty’s Attorney General for the Colony of New South Wales, who prosecutes for His Majesty, in this behalf, being present in the Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace now here on the fifth day of February in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand eight hundred and thirty five at Windsor in the said Colony, informs the said Court that Richard Lees, late of Penrith in the Colony of New South Wales, Labourer on the third day of January in the Year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and thirty five at Penrith aforesaid, in the Colony aforesaid two pieces of the Current Silver Coin of the Realm called Shillings of the value of Two Shillings of the monied Goods and Chattels of one James Davis then and there being found, feloniously did steal, take, and carry away, against the Peace of Our Lord the King, his Crown and Dignity, and against the form of the Statute, on such Case made and provided.

John Kinchela

 

Jurors Impounded

  • Joseph Smith JP
  • John Tebbutt JP
  • John Richard Rounde
  • William Smith
  • Jesse Upson
  • James Rochester
  • Thomas Tebbutt
  • William Thomas Bayless
  • John Allen
  • Charles Sampson (foreman)
  • Robert Williams
  • James Smallwood

 

Windsor Quarter Sessions February 1835

Rex v’s Richd Lees Native of the colony

Court House Penrith

3rd January 1835

Before R. B Lethbridge Esq JP

Richard Lees, free, charged with Larceny

James Davis of Penrith states on both that this morning about 6 o’clock Richard Lees a free man and native of the Colony came into Deponents House and called for some Liquor and sat down in the Bar. Deponent left the Bar for a short time to go to the Taproom, and while absent it appears the said Richard Lees opened the till and stole therefrom two shillings in silver, that on Deponents return to the bar he was informed of the circumstances by his servant girl who was present and who asked if I allowed such things to be done by Lees. When Deponent, on opening the drawer missed two shillings, Dept charged him with the robbery when he immediately returned one shilling saying that was all he took out of the drawer.

James Davis John Hodson free, states on both that this morning about 8 o’clock he was in the bar at the Kings Head Public House, when the defendant was there, that he saw defendant open the drawer and take two shillings in silver out and put them in his pocket at the time he said to those present “take notice of it” Dept advised him not to do so.

John Hodson (his mark)

Ann Murphy free, states on oath that this morning about half past 7 o’clock, she was coming out of her bedroom into the area of her masters house, when she observed the Defendant with his hands in the money drawer, which was then open, Deft laid hold of his hand and advised him to lay down what he had got, which he would.

The Trials of Richard Lees

NSW State Archives. Quarter Session Cases, 1824-37. Lees, Richard, Feb 1835, Windsor. No. 10, Item 4/8488.

1830 ‘Classified Advertising’, The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842), 13 March, p. 3. , viewed 15 Mar 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2194679

1830 ‘Advertising’, The Sydney Monitor (NSW : 1828 – 1838), 26 May, p. 1. (AFTERNOON), viewed 15 Mar 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32073659

1830 ‘To the Editor of The Australian.’, The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 – 1848), 17 September, p. 3. , viewed 15 Mar 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36865338

1830 ‘SHIP NEWS.’, The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842), 23 November, p. 3. , viewed 15 Mar 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2196576

Garth Gransden and Freda Gransden nee Mulligan- Wedding

I came across a very complete account of Garth Gransden and Freda Mulligan’s wedding. I had already had a newspaper article about Garth and Freda’s wedding but it was not nearly as lovely as the one that I came across last night.

While reading the account I realised that I had a photo of the wedding that was being described. It isn’t often that you do have something that links so nicely into a story in a newspaper but Weddings are likely to be the occasions when you do. So I am putting the details of the Wedding up on this page. Does the description measure up to the photo? Or the other way around?

Garth Gransden and Freda Gransden nee Mulligan wedding. 2 Nov 1945

Gransden- Mulligan

Of Interest to Eugowra and Orange friends was a pretty wedding solemnised at St. Matthew’s C. of E., Eugowra, last Saturday, at 1130 a.m., the contracting parties being Miss Freda Grace Mulligan and W/O. Walter Garth Gransden (R.AJLF.).

Garth Gransden

The fair, graceful bride, who Is the only child of Mr. and Mrs. F. Mulligan, of “Woodlands,” Eugowra, looked lovely In a gown of white satin, the bodice and sleeves featuring ruching, while the full skirt formed a train. Cuttulle viel (kindly loaned by Mrs Hurcum) fell in cascadeds from a headdress of silver leaves and to complete the picture the bride carried a beautiful boquet of white tuplis, lily-of-the-vallye and lupins, tied with white satin.

The bride was greeted at the church by her small flower-girl, Diana McClintock, who wished her “good luck” and hung a satin horseshoe on her arm. As the bride entered the prettily decorated church on the arm of her father, who gave her away, she was preceded by the bridesmaid. Miss Shirley Gransden (sister of the bridegroom), who was a charming figure in a full-skirted frock of blue taffeta, with a blue tulle veil falling from a spray of red-shaded sweet peas, the same effective colours being repeated In her lovely bouquet of tulips, sweet peas and stocks.

Freda Gransden nee Mulligan on her wedding day

After Nuptial Communion and while the register was being signed, Misses Glad and Con Herbert rendered a glorious duet, “I’ll Walk Beside You,”Mr, Eric Hill being accompanist and also organist for the occasion.
Following the bride was the dainty little flower girl, who wore a pretty dawn pink silk frock with a pink tulle veil gathered to a spray of shaded blue delphiniums. She carried an artistic basket of sweet peas and blue delphiniums, while an armlet of the same lovely flowers completed her attire. The bridegroom, eldest son of Cpl and Mrs. R. Gransden of Orange was attended by F/Lt. Frank Dixon, Q.F.C. (ex-
P.O.W), who returned during the week from overseas.

Following the wedding a reception was held In the School of Arts, where the guests were received’ by Mrs. F. Mulligan, assisted by Mrs. R. Gransden, both looking very smart, the former in a beaded navy satin-back crepe frock with a shoulder spray of pink sweet peas, while Mrs. Gransden chose a beaded black silk ensemble with a spray of red sweet peas.

In the centre of the attractively arranged tables a two-tiered wedding cake held pride of place.

Well-deserved credit is due to Mrs. J. Copeland (the bride’s aunt), who catered so efficiently. Rve. Richards, who officiated at the marriage, was chairman and the usual toasts were proposed and honored. Many telegrams of congratulation were received and among the valuable wedding gifts were several cheques. During the reception the guests were charmed with a vocal solo by Miss Con Herber, who rendered Toselli’s “Serenata.”

Among the many guests were two of the bridegroom’s Air Force friends, F/Lt. Ashley and F/O. Goldsworthy, also a cousin of the bride, W/O. J- Mulligan.

When the happy couple left for Orange, en-route to Sydney, the bride wore a smart long-waisted turquoise blue frock, with black accessories.